Researchers involved in basic research are curious: They want to trace the mechanisms that drive complex processes in nature, and do so in an unbiased, systematic and accurate way. They create the basis for new machines and procedures in all scientific disciplines. However, often the valuable contribution from the research institutions is only apparent in retrospect.
This also applies for basic medical research. Standard procedures that are well established today, such as heart surgery, would be impossible without the knowledge gathered over centuries of research into electricity and other topics. Basic research is a continuous process. Scientists around the world are working to improve the conditions for development of new medical therapies and medications.