Can’t always be separated Basic research and applied research
Basic researchers seek to understand the underlying interactions between cells, organs or whole organisms that are responsible for biological processes. To do so they look at extremely complex systems with numerous components. The best example is the human brain: It is responsible for millions of cells that are in constant interaction. In addition to real-time processing of sensory perceptions, the brain is also responsible for permanent learning and thinking processes. Here in particular, in the neurosciences, basic research scientists have an open field of research. Only through improved understanding of neuronal processes can therapy options for brain diseases be significantly expanded.
However, the narrower purpose of basic research is not application-related, but simply the multiplication of knowledge. In basic research, the question of how a specific disease occurs is the dominating focus. The guiding principle in applied and most commercial research, on the other hand, is the search for an active ingredient with which the biochemical process can be influenced. Medical progress requires both basic research and applied research.
In addition to the sequential transition from basic research to applied research, there is also an increasingly different approach – translational research. Closer exchange between research institutions, clinics and the industry intends to significantly reduce the time lag between finding new approaches as part of research and subsequent clinical development. Specialists from numerous disciplines, such as biochemistry, bio-engineering, biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, statistics and chemistry are constantly exchanging ideas. Particularly in biomedical research, it is hardly possible to distinguish between the two areas. This is because the work on physiological foundations is just as important for medical progress as development of a specific medication.